How to serve a tennis ball | Basic Techniques & Rules

Serving a tennis ball properly is a necessity for a smooth game. It can be hard for beginners to serve the ball but with a little practice, you can learn different techniques. The following reasons may convince you that learning how to serve well is an investment worth making.

Steps by Step Mechanics to Serve a Ball


You must stand on the opposite side of the service box opposite the baseline before serving the ball. With your right foot parallel to the court, point your left foot towards the opposite net post and stand sideways.

How to serve a tennis ball properly

Stand near the center mark for singles. Depending on your planned strategy and the type of service you plan to deliver, you should stand farther to one side during doubles. In the situation where you are serving toward the right service box of your opponent, you should stand on your court’s right side (deuce side).

It is best to stand at the left side of your court (add side) if your opponent is at the left of the court. It is always recommended to keep your right shoulder pointing towards the box where you are serving.


Rather than gripping it in your palm, hold it lightly near your fingertips. Move your ball hand toward your racket immediately before you serve. Before you serve, move your weight forward slightly. For you to become accustomed to serving and to get an understanding of the court, please bounce the ball at least 2-4 times before tossing it.

A Continental grip is ideal for a flat serve. When you look down at your hand, it should look like the V shape you make when your thumb and index finger are aligned. With your pointer finger aligned with the first level of the racket, keep it parallel to the ground.


As you throw the ball, place your racket behind you. You can gain momentum by throwing the ball forward when you make contact with it, so throw the ball high into the air. An amazing serve is often ruined by a bad toss, while a great toss leads to a powerful serve.

The best serving point will emerge once you practice the toss several times. When tossing, place the ball backward on the racket. While rotating your waist backward and shifting your weight backward, your racquet head should be pointing down.


The most common approach is for beginners to raise their rackets slightly behind themselves and then go after the ball. No way! To succeed, raise the head of your racket above your head and bend your elbow so that the side of the racket touches your back as if you were scratching it with the side.

It will give more power to the ball if you bend your knees so the racquet head can be projected upwards. You’ll really be able to do this with ease when you’re good at it, throwing the tennis ball up with one hand while using your racket with the other. Before you actually hit the ball, practice this motion along with your toss. A YouTube video is linked below to provide a more in-depth explanation.

Hit the ball:

Stay in control and quickly raise your racquet head. As if you were throwing a ball, your shoulders will rotate similarly. Make sure you are fluid and don’t hit too hard.

The racquet face should strike the ball in the center of the racquet head when you extend your wrist. All serve types require heel strike, including flat, twist, slice, and topspin-slice. It’s difficult to control the ball’s landing if you hit it off-center. With an outdoor tennis racquet, you are likely to hit the ball outside of the service area.

After you toss the ball, make sure to position it at the highest point possible so that you can maximize your shot. Your speed will increase, and you will be able to clear the net more readily if you hit high balls.

Tennis points begin with the serves, so mastering these serves as quickly as possible is a long-lasting addition to your skills if you want to improve your performance. If your serves are not as effective as you would like them to be, you can use these technical improvements to improve your performance.

Importance of great toss:

We should first consider how important it is to toss well before moving on to steps. These four reasons are listed below for why the serves matter.

Importance of great toss


Keeping the same serve motion over and over again is crucial to hitting a consistent serve. When the serve toss or placement is inconsistent, the height is incorrect, or the position is incorrect, it is hard to perform the same serve motion consistently, which can lead to inconsistent results.

Angular precision:

When serving, it is very important to release the ball well and toss it well. This will allow you to repeat the movement over and over again every single time. You may face challenges adjusting the position of the service if you do not throw it correctly.

Provides comfort:

A good toss will also ensure you are comfortable during your serving motion, which will help you maintain your concentration, generate power, and prevent injury after years of practice.


Moreover, your toss requires you to utilize the energy you have stored in the trophy pose and service motion. When you crowd or overextend during the toss, you will have a harder time generating power when you accelerate during the serve.

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