As a game with a history dating back to the 15th century, Tennis Ball had different tactics, had a different name, but it had many similarities to our modern game. Also, check What is the mass of a tennis ball?
The fact that people have been playing tennis since 1870 is amazing when you think about how long it has been around. Tennis has also been played for centuries before this, but it is related to royal tennis, which is also called “real tennis.”
Despite some similarities in structure, there are a few differences in mechanics and elements, like the court size and type, and how points are scored. Additionally, It is documented that royal tennis had its roots in a game called tenez which is French for “hold on”.
1st Tennis Ball:
The earliest tennis balls have been found to date from the 15th century, according to some sources. According to records, leather or cloth balls were generally stuffed with wool or horsehair and made from a variety of materials. A piece of cloth was wrapped around a ball made of cork to make them royal tennis balls. Hand sewing was mostly used on these pieces.
Some people who cannot afford this gear are able to make their own gear by stuffing anything inside a covering made from animal intestines, typically made from leather. Human hair has even been found to be used in early tennis balls. The past is typified by a lack of standard tennis balls.
History of a tennis ball:
Lawn tennis balls were first manufactured in the 1870s, which marked the beginning of the sport. Charles Goodyear invented vulcanization two decades prior to making this product, which uses india rubber processed through vulcanization. Although these balls are manufactured to last for a long time, tennis players and ball manufacturers both discovered that they tend to wear out very easily.
Tennis balls began their evolution as a result. While the first type of insulation was covered with flannel, the second utilized a hollowed-out rubber core enclosed by a pressurized gas core. Taking advantage of the “clover-leaf process” would allow for the second variation. Three-leaf clover shapes are cut from rubber sheets. With the help of a spherical assembling machine, it will be assembled into a sphere. The same shape remains familiar to us even today as a result of this process.
Modern Tennis Ball:
Tennis balls were not always yellow, as popular belief would suggest. Black or white was the original color. There was a change sparked by the media.
In order to facilitate a viewing in real-time, the International Tennis Federation (ITF) urged the addition of a neon yellow hue to the tennis ball. It was 1972 at that time. In 1986, Wimbledon also adopted the new format. Based on those findings, it was possible to create several variations in how tennis balls functioned. Consequently, the ITF approved seven different tennis balls, including:
- Balls that go fast
- Balls of standard size
- A slow-moving ball
- Balls of high altitude
- A green-colored preparation ball
- Orange-colored preparation ball
- A red ball for beginners
Yellow is the color adopted for the first four types, while other colors are incorporated into the last three types in order to aid players in identifying them. Training and game preparation was easier with these softer balls because they had a faster speed and altitude.
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As a sport, tennis has certainly evolved. We’ve played this game for hundreds of years, whether for competition or just for fun. It is also possible to follow the evolution of the tennis ball over time to learn more about the game’s history.